Union Budget 2022 Highlights

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Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman presented the Union Budget 2022 on 1st February. From Digital Currency Launch to Direct MSP and Defense, the budget focused on all the sectors and capacity of growth of the Indian Economy.

Let’s quickly have a glance at the highlights of the Union Budget 2022.

DEFICIT/EXPENDITURE

1. Proposes fiscal deficit of 4.5% of GDP by 2025/26

2. Projects fiscal deficit of 6.4% of GDP in 2022/23

3. Revised fiscal deficit for 2021/22 at 6.9% of GDP

4. Total expenditure in 2022/23 seen at 39.45 trillion rupees

5. States will be allowed 4% fiscal deficit to GDP in FY23

6. 50 year interest free loans over and above normal borrowing allocated to states

7. Scheme for financial assistance to states for capital investment outlay to be 1 trillion rupees in 2022/23

TAXATION

1. Import duty on certain chemicals are being reduced

2. Customs duty exemption on steel scrap to be extended for another year for small- and medium-sized businesses

3. Customs duty on stainless steel, flat products, high steel bars to be revoked

4. Unblended fuel to get additional duty of 2 rupees per liter from October 2022

FINANCE

1. Emergency credit line guarantee scheme for small and medium sized businesses to be extended to March 2023

2. Energy transition and climate action will be a major government priority

3. Public issue of Life Insurance Corporation expected shortly

4. Initiatives from last year’s budget have been provided adequate allocations in this budget

5. Special Economic Zones Act to be replaced with new legislation

6. To amend bankruptcy code to speed up resolution process

7. Aims to lower winding up of companies to 6 months from 2 years currently8. 

8. Long term capital gain surcharge to be capped at 15%

DIGITAL CURRENCY

1. To launch digital rupee using blockchain technology starting 2022/23

2. To launch scheme for taxation of virtual digital assets

3. Losses from sale of virtual digital assets cannot be offset against other income

4. Income from virtual digital assets to be taxed at 30%

DEFENSE

1. Govt committed to reducing defense imports

INFRASTRUCTURE

1. 5G spectrum auctions to be conducted in 2022

2. Scheme for design-led manufacturing for 5G will be part of production-linked scheme

3. To award contracts to lay optical fiber in rural areas, completion in 2025

4. 480 billion rupees set aside for affordable housing in 2022/23

5. To allocate additional 195 billion rupees for production-linked incentives towards solar equipment manufacturing

AGRICULTURE

1. Domestic scheme introduced to reduce dependence on oilseed imports

2. Fund with blended capital raised under co-investment model to finance agriculture startups

3. Railways to develop infrastructure for small farmers in 2022/23

TRANSPORT

1. 400 energy efficient trains to be manufactured over next three years

2. National highways network to be expanded by 25,000km in 2022/23

3. Highways expansion to cost 200 billion rupees in 2022/23

4. India to bring out battery swapping policy

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